Glossary of Fine Watch Terms

  • Automatic Movement - A type of mechanical movement that is wound by the motion of the wearer's wrist.
  • Balance Wheel - The part of a mechanical watch movement that oscillates, dividing time into equal segments.
  • Bezel - The ring surrounding the watch face. Some bezels can be rotated and have specific functions, such as tracking elapsed time.
  • Caliber - Refers to the specific model or type of watch movement.
  • Complication - Any feature on a watch beyond the display of hours, minutes, and seconds. Examples include chronographs, moon phases, and calendars.
  • Crown - The button on the side of the watch case used to set the time and date. In mechanical watches, it's also used to wind the movement.
  • Crystal - The clear cover over the watch face. It can be made from various materials like acrylic, mineral glass, or sapphire.
  • Dial - The watch face where the hands and often indices or numbers are displayed.
  • Escapement - The mechanism in a mechanical watch that transfers energy to the timekeeping element and allows the gear train to advance.
  • Gasket - Rubber or plastic seals used to ensure water resistance in watches.
  • Hand - The pointing device anchored at the center and rotating around the dial (e.g., hour hand, minute hand, second hand).
  • Horology - The science and study of timekeeping.
  • Jewels - Synthetic rubies or sapphires used in watch movements to reduce friction.
  • Lug - The part of the watch case where the bracelet or strap is attached.
  • Lume - Luminescent material applied to watch hands and markers to make them visible in the dark.
  • Mainspring - The spiral spring of metal ribbon that powers mechanical watches.
  • Mechanical Movement - A movement powered by a mainspring, wound either by hand (manual) or by the motion of the wearer's wrist (automatic).
  • Movement - The inner mechanism of a watch that keeps time and moves the watch's hands, date wheels, etc.
  • Power Reserve - The duration a watch will continue to run after being fully wound or charged.
  • Pusher - Button(s) on the side of a watch case used to control specific functions like a chronograph.
  • Quartz Movement - A watch movement powered by a battery and regulated by the oscillations of a quartz crystal.
  • Regulator - A device in a mechanical watch movement used to adjust the timekeeping.
  • Subdial - A smaller dial within the main dial, which provides additional information (e.g., chronograph functions or secondary time zones).
  • Tourbillon - A device in mechanical watches that counters the effects of gravity by mounting the escapement and balance wheel in a rotating cage.
  • Watchmaker - A person who repairs or makes watches.
  • Water Resistance - Often marked on the case back, indicating how well a watch is sealed against the ingress of water.

Our story

Pair text with an image to add details about your products, brand and selling proposition.

Pair text with an image to add details about your products, brand and selling proposition.

Pair text with an image to add details about your products, brand and selling proposition.